sábado, agosto 23, 2008

Ennui

en·nui [The Free Dictionary]

n. Listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; boredom: "The servants relieved their ennui with gambling and gossip about their masters", John Barth.

[French, from Old French enui, from ennuyer, to annoy, bore; see annoy.]

WORD HISTORY: Were they alive today, users of Classical Latin might be surprised to find that centuries later a phrase of theirs still survives, although as a single word. The phrase mihi in odi est (literally translated as "to me in a condition of dislike or hatred is"), meaning "I hate or dislike," gave rise to the Vulgar Latin verb *inodire, "to make odious," the source of the Old French verb ennuyer or anoier, "to annoy, bore." This was borrowed into English by around 1275 as anoien, our annoy. From the Old French verb a noun meaning "worry, boredom" was derived, which became ennui in modern French. This noun, with the sense "boredom," was borrowed into English in the 18th century, perhaps filling a need in polite, cultivated society.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright ©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2003. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

ennui [on-nwee]
Noun. Literary boredom and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of activity or excitement [French]
Collins Essential English Dictionary 2nd Edition 2006 © HarperCollins Publishers 2004, 2006

THESAURUS
Noun
1. ennui - the feeling of being bored by something tedious
boredom, tedium
dissatisfaction - the feeling of being displeased and discontent; "he was never slow to express his dissatisfaction with the service he received"
blahs - a general feeling of boredom and dissatisfaction
fatigue - (always used with a modifier) boredom resulting from overexposure to something; "he was suffering from museum fatigue"; "after watching TV with her husband she had a bad case of football fatigue"; "the American public is experiencing scandal fatigue"; "political fatigue"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2008 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

ennui
noun (Literary) boredom, dissatisfaction, tiredness, the doldrums, lethargy, tedium, lassitude, listlessness
Collins Essential Thesaurus 2nd Edition 2006 © HarperCollins Publishers 2005, 2006

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Ennui
Walter Sickert
circa 1913 Tate Gallery


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«In fact, Amory did most of the strutting and tried painfully to make every remark an epigram, than which, if one is content with ostensible epigrams, there are many feats harder. 12 Univee was amused. Kerry read "Dorian Gray" and simulated Lord Henry, following Amory about, addressing him as "Dorian" and pretending to encourage in him wicked fancies and attenuated tendencies to ennui. When he carried it into Commons, to the amazement of the others at table, Amory became furiously embarrassed, and after that made epigrams only before D'Invilliers or a convenient mirror.»

This Side of Paradise
, Francis Scott Fitzgerald

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«All the things that you used to believe in
Turned out to be true, you're guilty of reason»

Ennui, Lou Reed

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«Desde una óptica moderna, será Pascal quien recupere en sus Pensées toda una confiscación de la privación inherente al ennui. Es decir, desde las manifestaciones modernas, el ennui se recupera como un elemento significativo en la aproximación crítica al fenómeno de la restricción de las capacidades del individuo moderno para la acción. Sin embargo, en la inclinación hacia la inactividad hay un signo diferenciador que distingue el ennui del aburrimiento entendido en términos generales, y es que el primero está dotado de un sentido de desorden metafísico del que éste último carece.

A este carácter transcendente y que va más allá de la condición meramente psicológica del ennui se añade, en palabras de Andrè Gidé, un profundo temor casi convertido en pánico, un recurrente aislamiento de la realidad circundante transformado en exilio perpetuo del resto del mundo:

When I found myself alone in my room that evening, an intolerable anguished seized me, body and soul; my ennui almost turned into fear. A wall of rain separated me from the rest of the world, far from any passion, far from life. It enclosed me in a a gray nightmare, among strange beings, cold blooded and colorless, whose hearts had ceased beating long ago.

Frente a la aguda conciencia del ennui, Gidé establece una conformación sustancial del tedio burgués y ésta es la consideración que el ennui refuerza; es decir, su condición de experiencia total que afecta de igual modo al cuerpo y al espíritu. Por ello, y quizá desde una perspectiva más sutil no se puede entender el ennui sin considerar previamente el extrañamiento, la alienación y el sentido atemporal que lo acompaña en sus manifestaciones en el texto literario.»

«El aburrimiento es, en cierto modo, el más sublime de los sentimientos humanos. No es que yo crea que del examen de tal sentimiento nazcan aquellas consecuencias que muchos filósofos han extraído de él; sin embargo, el no poder estar satisfecho de ninguna cosa terrena, ni, por así decirlo, de la tierra entera; el considerar la inacalculable amplitud del espacio, el número y la mole maravillosa de los mundos, y encontrar que todo es poco y pequeño para la capacidad del propio ánimo; imaginarse el número de mundos infinitos, y el universo infinito, y sentir que nuestro ánimo y nuestros deseos son aún mayores que el mismo universo, y siempre acusar a las cosas de su insuficiencia y de su nulidad, y, padecer necesidades y vacío, y, aún así, aburrimiento, me parece el mayor signo de grandeza y de nobleza que se pueda ver en la naturaleza humana. Por eso el tedio es poco conocido por los hombres de escasa importancia y poquísimo o nada por los otros animales.» [Giacomo Leopardi, Poesía y Prosa, edición de Antonio Colinas, Madrid, Alfaguara, 1974, págs. 465-466.]

«Ciertamente desde una perspectiva psicológica el ennui ha sido definido como un desorden de la conducta producido fundamentalmente por la sensación de alteridad propia de la modernidad. Así Edward Bibning lo ha definido como "a painful feeling originating in a tension between the need for mental activity and the lack of adequate stimulation. According to him, the unconscious goals, aspirations, and ideals are maintained in this state of boredom, but the ability to reach them is interferred with by the repression of these true goals and the rejection of subtitutes that all seem either inadequate" (R. Kuhn, op. cit., pág. 7). Véase Edward Bibning, "The Mechanisim of Depression", en Philis Greenacre, ed., Affective Disorders, Nueva York, International University Press, 1968. La sociología, por su parte, ha descrito el ennui como un fenómeno propio del concepto moderno de la repetición inserta en los hábitos monótonos de las sociedades herederas de la Revolución Industrial: "It is the boredom that accompanies the performance of routine and meaningless labor. We have a tendency to think of this form of depression as a phenomenon of the twentieth century, but as early as 1840 the historian Michelet had described it in dramatic terms" (Kuhn, op. cit., pág. 8). Cf. Jules Michelet, Le Peuple, París, 1840.»

El gran ennui o la monotonía de lo insignificante: sexualidad, dispositivo femenino y aburrimiento, Dra. Sonia Núñez Puente, Department of Spanish, Vanderbilt University.

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«Plath underlined Daisy’s famous prediction for her daughter: “And I hope she’ll be a fool, that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool”. Beside the following paragraph containing Daisy’s line “I’ve been everywhere and seen everything and done everything” Plath wrote “L’Ennui.” Plath also titled two of her early poems “Ennui.”»





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SYLVIA PLATH

Ennui

Tea leaves thwart those who court catastrophe,
designing futures where nothing will occur:
cross the gypsy’s palm and yawning she
will still predict no perils left to conquer.
Jeopardy is jejune now: naïve knight
finds ogres out-of-date and dragons unheard
of, while blasé princesses indict
tilts at terror as downright absurd.

The beast in Jamesian grove will never jump,
compelling hero’s dull career to crisis;
and when insouciant angels play God’s trump,
while bored arena crowds for once look eager,
hoping toward havoc, neither pleas nor prizes
shall coax from doom’s blank door lady or tiger.

Publicado por la revista Blackbird
[en castellano aquí]

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Algo tiene que cambiar. Pronto.

3 Comments:

  • ...y sí.

    By Anonymous Cristina, at 3/6/09 09:36  

  • pero, ¿cómo?

    By Anonymous Cristina, at 3/6/09 09:37  

  • el problema del ennui, es que se aburre o se fatiga tambien el espiritu de manera profunda, yo diria se frustra.

    Creo que podemos salir del ennui en el que vivimos desde los 90, si dejaramos de idealizarnos y de pensar en el yo, para ser uno con la otredad, que podra procurarnos el germinar de otras emociones y asi roper el suelo del ennui.

    Creo que un paso es la actividad social, hablo de ayudar a otros !!

    By Blogger Císero Segundo, at 5/1/10 09:55  

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